Vascular Access

To provide access for hemodialysis, three possible blood conduits are constructed of either a central vein catheter, arteriovenous fistulas, or prosthetic grafts with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE).

Arteriovenous Fistula

Central Vein Catheter (CVC)

CVC picture.jpg
Central Vein Catheter.jpg

Plastic, Y-shaped tube threaded through skin into a central vein in neck

AV Fistula.jpg
AV Fistula.jpg

Surgical connection between artery and


Arteriovenous Graft  (AVG) with ePTFE
AV Graft.jpg
AV Graft.jpg

Surgical connection of ePTFE graft between artery and vein